Your cats eyes are very similiar in structure to ours, but there are a couple of differences that help your cat to see better in the dark.
You already know that a cat can see better than we can at night or in the dark. Cats are able to see better at night due to the shape of their pupils.
A cat's pupil is the same as ours, except for they can also change shape. The shapes can go from a tiny slit to a large circle. This enables a cats eyes to be able to see in bright sunlight and almost in total darkness.
Humans and cats have rod cells and cone cells in their retinas. The rods pickup light and the cones pickup color. A cat has more rods than cones, so this enables a cat's eyes to pick up very small amounts of light.
A layer of reflective cells are behind the light gathering rods and this acts like a mirror in that it reflects the light back through the rods and this gives your cat two chances at seeing.
If you use a flash to take a picture of your cat, you will see your cat's eyes glowing. This is the "mirror" effect of the light reflecting off the "mirror" in his eyes.
A cat can only see the colors red, blue, and green. A cat does not see detailed imiages as we do. Since the cat doesn't have as many cones he doesn't pick up as much color. This makes the colors that a cat can see much duller.
Did you know that when a cat gets lost that they use the earths magnetic fields to find their way back home?
The only domestic animal that is not mentioned in the Bible is the cat.
Have you ever wondered where did the phrase "it's raining cats and dogs came from"?
It was actually started during the 17th century in England. During fierce downpours of rain cats
and dogs would drown and their bodies would float down the street.
Cats Sense of Smell
Cats have approximately 19 million nerve endings in their nose that makes them especially sensitive to smell. While not having nearly as many as some
breeds of dogs these nerve endings in the membranes of the nose are considerably more than the 5 million or so nerves that humans have.
This sense of smell helps the cat to determine whether food is suitable for eating as the nitrogen given off by the chemicals of rancid food is picked up by their highly developed sense of smell, stopping them from eating the food.
This is also one of the reasons why it can be quite difficult sometimes to give your cat pills or tablets.
Due to their highly developed sense of smell, they are often aware when something has been added to their food. If they think it is something that they shouldn't be eating they will not eat the food (or medicine) that you've attempted to hide in it.
This applies to various different medications, herbal or otherwise, and the fact that we can't smell or taste anything doesn't mean that the cat is unaware of a foreign substance.
Often, it is a lot easier to give the cat an injection of meditation rather than trying to get it to swallow a pill or tablet. If there is no alternative, but to give it a pill, then you will need to tip its head back and get the pill as far back in it's throat as possible then stroke it under the chin to help it swallow the pill.
If you don't do this they will often hold it in the mouth until they have been released then spit it out.
If you do need to give your cat medication by pills pay close attention to your cat for a while to make sure he doesn't try to spit the pill out of his mouth.
A Cat's Body